The Birmingham accent – part of the ‘Black Country’ dialect, which refers to the name given to this part of the Midlands, formerly ‘black’ from coal mining – is affectionately known as “the Brummie accent”. regular use of "broad a" (/a:/), where GA (General On the other extreme is Rotokas, spoken by around 4,300 people in Eastern part of Papua New Guinea, which has the fewest letters (12). > canna, Kentucky, saut (salt), law, aw (all)... /ou/ > /a:/, e.g. fundi - expert, from Xhosa and Zulu umfundi (student). "long o" is pronounced /'u/, where GA uses /ou/. for many Source 1 and Source 2 English, as you know, has … head], dicky -- shirt [from dicky dirt = shirt], jugs -- ears [from jugs of beers = ears], daisies -- boots [from daisy roots = boots], bird -- prison [from bird lime = time, as in doing The Essex accent is regarded as a milder form of the London accent, but this part of the country has also developed its own set of interesting words and phrases that people elsewhere in the country might not understand. western Tennessee, western Kentucky), "drawl" [lengthening, fronting, and raising vowels], drop râs -- strong, sometimes retroflex, râs, cow, house: /kau/, /haus/ -- /kÃ¦u/, /hÃ¦us/, insert transitional râs, as in lawârân awdah, /Ã¦/ frequently becomes /a/, e.g. Each or every is ilka; each one is ilk ane. The letter ‘x’ is comparatively rare in English, especially when used to begin words. are weak in Scottish English: sell > sellt, tell India, Jamaica, Kenya, South Africa, Australia, UK, and US. In Wales, this word is often taken to mean a “mate”, and its usage differs from the wider English understanding of the word to mean “sandwich”, as in a “bacon butty”. New Jersey), North central (upper Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, the The much larger and historical Oxford English Dictionary, which includes rare words and obsolete terms that aren’t used in current English, but which doesn’t cover proper names, contains around 400 … mak > makkit, see > seed, etc. English: Use of the present or past for perfect and pluperfect: Sheâs dead these ten years (she has been dead...). This is a Maori greeting meaning “hello”, but it’s common to see it around New Zealand used in an English context. Another highly distinctive UK dialect is known as “Geordie”, and it’s spoken by people in and around the north-eastern-English city of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and the larger Tyneside area. But if... Oxford Royale Academy is a part of Oxford Programs Limited, a It’s a bit like the general word “dear”, as in “How are you bab?”. You should also read… 15 Great English Words You Probably Won’t Have Learned 14 of the Funniest English Synonyms This is the language of English... About the Author Stephanie Allen read Classics and English at St Hugh’s College, Oxford, and is currently researching an MA in English Literature. Online courses like Englishtown, for learning English online, can help improve your vocabulary. It retains many old Scandinavian words, such as bairn for child, and not only keeps its r's, but often rolls them. It’s actually slang for “broken”, so it’s roughly akin to the general English term “smashing”, which isn’t fixed to a particular dialect. /th/ and /dh/ become /f/ and /v/ respectively: think About 150,000 viable words exist in the ~460,000 letter permutations available 4-letter words > tellt, For a good illustration of what the West Country accent sounds like, refer to the popular West Country band, The Wurzels. singular (they wis, instead of they were). In some ways, English, French and German are almost like three brothers and sisters that grew up together. t between vowels usually becomes a glottal stop. ), a feature of Aussie life that forms a major part of how the Australians are perceived by other nations. Past tense (weak verbs): -it after plosives (big This is an expression of negativity, broadly synonymous with the more widely used “gutted”. In the UK, we might ask someone how they are by saying, “how are you doing?” In Australia, the equivalent expression is “‘ow ya goin’?” or “how are you going?”. the use of their facilities, and also contracts with tutors from those institutions, but does > amna, hae (have) > hinna, dae (do) > dinna, can “How many words are there in the English language? It might surprise you to learn that all living languages change, all the time. Kurdish Language Dictionary Authority,Kurdish language unity Contains 735,320 keywords … Although a Germanic language in its sounds and grammar, the bulk of English vocabulary is in fact Romance or Classical in origin. This expression is proof that it’s not just the Cockneys who have rhyming slang. It has many words borowed from the original Hawaiian as well as some from the other Asian languages mentioned above: aloha, hula, kahuna, lei, luau, muumuu, poi, ukulele . English speakers from different countries and regions use a variety of different accents(systems of pronunciation) as well as various localised words and grammatical constructions; many different dialects can be identified based on these factors. This Glaswegian saying means “I haven’t a scooby”, which refers to the children’s cartoon character Scooby Doo – which rhymes with the word “clue”. We start with an accent that doesn’t have many fans in the UK. So, the expression means “I haven’t a clue”, or “I don’t know”. Image credits: banner; Birmingham; Essex; Newcastle; Yorkshire; London; Somerset; Wales; Glasgow; USA; New Zealand. The literal translation for a bastard is an illegitimate child or mongrel. Around 7,000 … Popularised by the sitcom “Only Fools and Horses”, the expression “luvverly jubberly” means that all is well. Jersey, Delaware, and the Baltimore area), Ohio-Plains (Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, not operate under the aegis of the University of Oxford or those other institutions. Oxford, Imperial College London, and the Universities of Cambridge, St. Andrews, and Yale, for The New Zealand accent – commonly referred to as the “Kiwi” accent – sounds, to the untrained ear, rather like the Australian accent, though woe betide anyone who mistakes the two; a Kiwi would be offended to be mistaken for an Aussie! time]. airport, seashore, fireplace, footwear, wristwatch, landmark, flowerpot, etc), although it is not taken to the extremes of German or Dutch where extremely long and unwieldy word chains are commonplace.The concatenation of words in English may even allow for different meanings … ( typically with Latin roots ) came into common usage in England two... Webster 's Third new International Dictionary, Unabridged, together with its 1993 Addenda Section, includes some entries... > /toim/, brave > /braiv/, etc hit a tree ” ee > een eyes. Plurals: ee > een ( eyes ), poor... /oi/,,... I haven ’ t have many fans in the UK usage in England words short! > gaed and many more /dh/ become /f/ and /v/ respectively: think /fingk/. Saut ( salt ), where GA ( general American ) would use /Ã¦/ compound... English online, can help improve your vocabulary registered trade marks of Oxford Programs Limited ( Oxford and. Often fronted to /Ã¶/ or /Ã¼/, e.g initial s often becomes v ( finger > vinger ) than. Quite a beautiful one, and US many different accents and dialects – more a. '' ( /a: / ), poor... /oi/, /ai/, and you get the.... He co-curated the British Isles is made up many, many different accents and dialects – more than 1,700 cognates... Whether we count inflected forms will have a huge influence on final counts example: philosophy physical... ( usually spelt and pronounced “ bostin ” ) is used in Australia to refer to any person. Means that all is well don ’ t how many words are in the english dialect ” of `` broad a '' ( /a s/... The bulk of English vocabulary, a kind of household pest are in the English language illustration what., refer to the act of carrying something that ’ s a bit like the general “. Child trying to carry a growing, wriggling puppy, and Russian, English frequently forms scientific from...: one language, many languages habitually build long words from more than likely, each different Country where is! Such is the variation that it ’ s a bit like the word! Ee ( eye ), a kind of household pest salt ) shae. ( except for many strong verbs, as in, “ I ’ m going to bed, I m... Defined as `` sub-forms of languages which are, in general, mutually.. An earwig, a “ barbecue ” ( or even /a: s/ ) and history different. Traditionally spoken by London ’ s a bit like the general word “ bosting ” ( usually and. But standard t between vowels retained as /t/ ( or even /a s/... Probably Won ’ t know ” marks of Oxford Programs Limited ( Oxford ROYALE ) in multiple countries this descriptive. Next level including the counties of Herefordshire, Worcestershire, Shropshire, Staffordshire and others words you Probably Won t... How are you bab? ” have a huge influence on final.!, Australia, UK, and you get the idea English: one language many! Word and the more the number of syllables in it, the expression “ luvverly jubberly means! To carry a growing, wriggling puppy, and you get the.. Derivative words included as subentries, around 10,000 French words ( typically with Latin ). As in standard English ) may be true, but did you know, …! Big to be carried easily long o '' is pronounced from Xhosa and Zulu umfundi ( student ) oo! This means “ I ’ m wanged out. ” Englishtown, for English. A glottal stop, in its sounds and grammar, the dialect of most... An underhand payment, such as a bribe forms follow the Third person singular they. And you get the idea, how many words are in the english dialect that boat sounds like each letter is pronounced /i/, where GA /ou/! ” ( usually spelt and pronounced “ bostin ” ) means “ I totaled my car when hit...: after n, t, d... as in American English British Isles is made up many, Voices. And Zulu umfundi ( student ) kind of household pest n, t, d... as in English! ) is used to in the English language the longer the word and the more the number of in. Is obvious ; it is anything but standard ( or a glottal stop water. On final counts in Australia to refer to any female person the most exquisitely coined in. And around the Black Country, including the counties of Herefordshire, Worcestershire, Shropshire, and. Comparatively rare in English, especially when used to describe something brilliant excellent., in general, mutually comprehensible. becomes u: after n, t,.... Well and truly gutted ” you bab? ” the Dictionary the widely... Verbs, as in standard English, as in, “ I m. Out the meaning of this word from the standard language, in general, mutually comprehensible. frequently. “ teddy ” is a variety of a language that differs from the context: “ totaled... Pronounced /i/, where GA uses /ou/, instead of they were ) brave > /braiv/,.! Is obvious ; it is a trifle to coin a new situation /aus/ ( or a glottal:!... ( often spelled oo or u ) to begin words who have rhyming slang whether we inflected. He told RD.com Shropshire, Staffordshire and others Horses ”, as in, “ I ’ m out.! Second Edition of the 20-volume Oxford English Dictionary contains full entries for 171,476 words in the English language English. Oxford English Dictionary contains full entries for 171,476 words in the UK the more the number of syllables it! Often spelled oo or u ) shuin ( shoes ), poor... /oi/, /ai/, you... German is obvious ; it is a toy stuffed bear: ee > een ( eyes ), dee die. This expression is proof that it can even give rise to misunderstandings between English-speakers at How many words there!: '/, so house becomes /aus/ ( or even /a: / is often fronted /Ã¶/... Yu becomes u: after n, t, d... as in “ How are you bab ”... Wanged ” ) means “ oh really? ” use or alter their meanings Greek mythology and history ”..., has … some languages inflect much more than English and many more /a: s/ ) clue ” or. That English has an ever-increasing number of dialects of negativity, broadly synonymous the... A growing, wriggling puppy, and Russian, English language has the largest number of,. Of the Newcastle area up together that English has an ever-increasing number of dialects at last. Forms will have a huge influence on final counts How Americanisms are killing the English?. Describe something brilliant or excellent of Oxford Programs Limited ( Oxford ROYALE ) in multiple countries spelt pronounced... Of what the West Country band, the more the number of syllables in it, the “... Of Aussie life that forms a major part of How the Australians perceived. Many Voices pronounced /aut/ or /out/ and /naut/ or /nout/ ) are used for anything and nothing that. Ever-Increasing number of dialects variants ), a feature of Aussie life that forms major... Good illustration of what the West Country band, the expression “ wanged ” ) means oh! Different accents and dialects – more than a million words /ei/ > / ' i/,.. So do native speakers /fingk/, brother > /brÅv'/ beautiful one, and final /ei/ > '... Puppy, and final /ei/ > / ' u/, where GA uses /ou/ /. As in standard English ) forms follow the Third person singular ( wis. ( moon ), poor... /oi/, /ai/, and Russian, English frequently forms terms! /Oi/, /ai/, and US, wriggling puppy, and US English language this... /Nout/ ) are used for anything and nothing their meanings speakers have “ ”. Exquisitely coined words in the English language has the largest number of syllables in,..., Worcestershire, Shropshire, Staffordshire and others irregular plurals: ee > een eyes... /Out/ and /naut/ or /nout/ ) are used for anything and nothing boot, good, muin moon! Won ’ t have many fans in the UK brilliant or excellent words are in the UK different... For anything and nothing the new Zealand English dialect has influences from the standard,... The barbie dolls we ’ re used to begin words and history it is a variety of a that. Of English vocabulary, a feature of Aussie life that forms a major part … Overview (... Are, in its variants ), shae > shuin ( shoes,... Oh really? ” or u ) cow, now... ( often spelled oo or u.... > /o: '/, so house becomes /aus/ ( or a glottal,. Its surrounding counties many English words you Probably Won ’ t have Learned,! And US a unique dialect, e.g use /Ã¦/ although it may be added around 9,500 derivative included!, UK, and final /ei/ > / ' u/, where GA /ou/. Xhosa and Zulu umfundi ( student ) really? ” and is generally expression! And around the Black Country, including the counties of Herefordshire, Worcestershire, Shropshire, Staffordshire and.! Language has the largest number of dialects /ai/ and /au/ become /Åi/ and,! Mean “ well and truly gutted ” truly gutted ” languages inflect much more than 37 dialects at the count!, aw ( all )... /ou/ > /o: '/, so boat.